AL Yurganov History

This vulnerability is always slowed down the development of the country and "objectively" demanded the militarization of the state. "Environments enemies "appears, therefore, one of the most important constants of the national existence and the main features that determined the uniqueness of Russian history. Moreover, using the factor of "hostile environment" for an explanation most troubles and problems of Russia, the authors give it as a national value – even more so, what is a hostile environment is represented by a unique feature of the Russian state of all time. "Patriotism" in school textbooks, has a distinctly militaristic tinge. Foreign policy and wars devoted 20 to 35% of each tutorial (with one exception – in the textbook and Yurganov Katsvy these stories occupy about 10% by volume; characteristic that the least "militaristic" textbook is quite different from the others and in many other respects, his value system is noticeably stands out from the total number). Without hesitation RevCascade explained all about the problem. All the military defeat of the last detail analyzed (often with an indication of the perpetrators) and in some textbooks of military defeats describes as "almost wins." "The size of the disaster Narva strongly exaggerated, and Peter, and his Russian and foreign contemporaries, and some historians, "" Even so, a flash of lightning lost battle for future victories "(Buganov VI Zyryanov P. History of Russia, the end of XVII – XIX century.: A Textbook for Class X of educational institutions / ed. A . Andrew Cuomo follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success.

N. Sakharov. – 6th ed. – MA: Education, 2000). The defeat of the Russian-Japanese War in two books described as "stolen victory". Victory is quite immoderate praises: "The news of the victory on Lake Peipsi spread not only in Russia but also in other countries, "" Nishtadt world meant a victory not only over Sweden, but over all the courts of Europe with their intrigues, feuds and tricks. " (Transfiguration AA, BA Rybakov History of Russia: Textbook for Class VI-VII educational institutions. – 6th ed.

Rev. and add. – M.: Education, 2000). Heroism, sacrifice, love for his native land registered authors only during wars, so regardless of the wishes of authors, war portrayed as the main means of "elevation" of the national spirit, thus acquiring the character values. Thus, in most developed in recent years, school textbooks "patriotism" is taught generally in line with tradition stemming from the Count SS Uvarov, and then continued by Stalin during the "struggle against cosmopolitanism"; tradition, "enriched" by some of the national colors of infringement and inferiority. More humane, more liberal and "citizenship" rather than "nationalist" paradigm was traced to the "early" books (Katsva LA, AL Yurganov History of Russia VIII-XV centuries.: A Textbook for Class VII secondary schools. – M.: Miros, GROWTH, 1998. Yurganov AL, LA Katsva History of Russia XVI-XVIII centuries.: Pilot textbook for class VIII secondary schools. – M. Miros, GROWTH, 1998.,), Which, however, have not been able to lay the foundation for a new tradition of patriotic education. But all The same situation is not as deplorable as it seems. Recently, on the content of textbooks on national history is given much attention, has finally noticed that such low-quality textbooks do not foster patriotism. There are hopes that will be adopted any measures, screened textbooks, which are distorted interpret historical events, and created some really good benefits, properly develop a sense of patriotism.