To date, a list of materials unusually large and diverse. However, there is in this list, without which unable to do any construction, combining, and landscaping. Let us briefly on these species. Sand – is unthinkable without which no construction. Construction sand distinguished on river sand, quarry, quartz and sandy soil. Different sands all its purity and size fractions. For individual papers preparing washed sand – cleared a career.
Also sand differs by region and site-specific production. Crushed granite – a material obtained by crushing rock to a very small grains. Used as a filler concrete, in the arrangement of pillows under the foundation and as the road surface. Crushed stone varies in size fractions, color. Known in the building rubble gravel – a natural material. Screenings of crushed granite can also be used for decorative purposes – bank filling paths (instead of asphalt), construction of small garden and yard areas.
Screenings also used as a filler in the manufacture of concrete products: borders, panels, tiles. Screenings are widely used as antigololedny reagent. leca – artificial material, obtained by annealing the special clay, clean. leca – excellent material for thermal insulation of ceilings and walls, lightweight, easy to use. leca is a spongy balls irregular shapes of various sizes from 5 to 20 mm, supplied in bulk and in bags. On the basis of expanded clay and expanded clay blocks are produced, Expanded clay sand, gravel and expanded clay, etc. Building blocks have a very wide range of applications, and depending on that differ in size, raw materials, technical indicators. Widely known blocks silicate, light concrete blocks, concrete, foundation, etc. The building blocks are made with low water absorption, have high thermal insulation, cold resistance, sound insulation. Working with the building blocks of proceeds most rapidly due to their large dimensions. Soil – one of the necessary materials at the final stage of construction. Primer prepared based on the upper part of the fertile soil with added fertilizer. Often have to make ground on the basis of peat-sand mixture. Such soil has all the necessary parameters. Peat can be used for beautification and landscaping through its entering into the topsoil. At the same time greatly improves the peat soil: it increases the porosity reduces the density increases vlogoemkost. In addition, peat helps to reduce the accumulation of harmful substances in plants, such as nitrates and heavy metals. Peat used to reinforce soil. Contents of house territories during winter is closely related to the need to use reagents. The most famous agent is a technical salt. Less commonly used sand or special chemicals. Salt and salt-sand mix well "work" at a temperature of -30 degrees. Salt has its advantages over other agents – it cost is much lower than the dropout rate and granite chips, but these reagents can be used at any air temperature.