In the former USSR policy in fertility has always been to raise her. Family in the Soviet Union received a small allowance, but since the birth of their fourth child. However, to stimulate the birth rate they could not. These were Rather, social benefits aimed at poverty alleviation. Large families became less and less.
By the mid-60s. In Russia and most of the republics of the Union of European birth rates did not provide a simple Reproduction. Measures to promote fertility were carried out immediately, but only in the first half of the 80s. They could not really support the material standard of the family, but nevertheless brought significant result in 1984-1986. Fertility in the USSR in 1980-1981, compared with. Increased by 11%. Since 1988 the birth rate began to drop rapidly. The current demographics of Russia requires a strong stimulation of birth rate.
Migration policies of different countries and different – some encouraging immigration and other emigration. In some countries, internal migration is free, and people are free to choose any place of residence. In the other – the possibility of such a choice is severely limited. In the USSR migration tightly regulated, particularly in capitals and holiday locations. But the effectiveness of these measures, as the results of migration was low. Did not succeed in significantly inhibit the growth of primary large cities, nor to prevent an excessive outflow of the rural population. The administrative regulation of migration and had a negative impact on the reproduction of the population by encouraging marriage (for registration) between incompatible with each other people, which caused an increase in the divorce rate and an increase in 'fatherless' – the number of children in single-parent, 'parent' families, brought up without a male influence. In autumn 1990, the Committee of Constitutional Supervision of the USSR adopted a decision on the unconstitutionality of residence, but significant practical impact it had: registration is not only preserved, but its limitations in some places has increased. Acute demographic crisis, experienced by Russia, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the transition to a market economy require significant changes in population policy, to restore the population (the strong stimulation of birth rate, freedom of movement of citizens across the country, etc.).
Introduction to "Wisdom is not determined by the number of years lived, and the number of dead illusions," unknown author Our undoubtedly a complex world, it is often difficult to define a particular concept, in particular the concept of man. Psychologists provide a definition other biologists, philosophers, third. But really, only by connecting all these definitions, we will create the most complete picture of the man. James Woolsey wanted to know more. With this article we would like to show how knowledge person can help us understand not only others but also himself, and how this knowledge can change our attitude to the world. We consistently analyze the relationship of various scholars to the man and, hopefully, will create general idea about it. The similarity of the people, "I – a man and nothing human is alien to me," Publius Terentius people learn many sciences: anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and many others. Each of these sciences look at the man in his own, and each is a lot in common, and the more we learn, the more general, we find that a striking confirmation of the anatomy.
Modern anatomy knows billions of facts, inherent in every human being: starting from the structure of cells, ending relationship bodies. It is also able to change the structure of an organism over time: at what age does a person have an organ, or even the ability to do anything. Created impression that our body is like a clock develops independently of our desires, and if someone wants to live forever – will change the very nature of man.
BIG BANG – THIS ILLUSION EP KUTYAVIN, IGGD Sciences. eduard.kutyavin @ gmail.com On the question of why the scatter of the galaxy, or rather, their clusters, most astrophysicists now give an unequivocal answer: they fly because the distant past, about 15-20 billion years ago, in the universe there was a grand explosion. The universe before the explosion was an incredible density -1091-1093 g / cm and no more than an electron. Although the cause of the explosion is not known to physicists in This theory appeals to the fact that, from some point in time, namely after 10-43 seconds. when the temperature of the Universe was about 10 billion degrees, they are step by step, consistently, can trace the evolution of the P-T conditions in the universe, as well as its composition and, at any time up to the formation of galaxies. The discovery in 1965 by British physicists, Penzias and Wilson so-called 'background' radiation of the Universe – the remainder of the former state hot universe, it seems, has put the final point in favor of the Big Bang theory. It is believed that the isotropic radiation that fills the entire universe, and having a spectrum corresponding to Planck's formula at about 3 K, gives us reliable information about the distant past of the universe when its size was a thousand times smaller than now. As in his time, the hypothesis of redshift galaxies has allowed the British astrophysicist Milne call it Cosmological principle, and now, the Big Bang theory, confirmed the existence of a 'background' radiation, became known as the standard model. Credit: Former CIA Head-2011.