Another party of national character, the AIB if constituted as a counterpoint of the Brazilian Communists. Established in 1932, with the Manifesto of October, he was composed basically of elements of the urban average layers. The estimates of the number of adepts vary of the 100 a thousand 800 a thousand people, what it discloses the inexistence of unamimity in relation to this movement. Many times we are led to believe, in simplista way, in the transposition of main the European fascism as characteristic or until only of Brazilian the Integralista Action. However, it seems us that such generalization can lead to an error of interpretation. Authors exist who see with care this question.
Jose Chasin and Antonio Rago Son consider the AIB as: ' ' (…) right extreme movement, romantic and reactionary, but not fascist, because they understand that the fascism would be a particular expression of the period of training of full development in the way of capitalist production, that Brazil still it had not reached in the decade of 1930, given its structural dependence to the center of capitalismo' '. The influences fascists are not ignored. Salty, founding Pliny and main theoretician of the AIB, possua a great admiration for Mussolini. As proper it confesses: ' ' in one late of June, after having seen all New Italy, after abiding considered with all severity, I saw myself, in the Palace Venice, front the front with the creative genius of the politics of the Future (…) Age Mussolini. This man creates New Italy (…) ' '. What we try to affirm here is that, same considering this strong influence of the ideology and prxis fascist, we do not have to disrespect the Brazilian internal aspects that had provided the appearance of this movement. Moreover, we must remember that no ideology, whichever, are understood in the same way in different historical realities.