Constitutional Supervision

In the former USSR policy in fertility has always been to raise her. Family in the Soviet Union received a small allowance, but since the birth of their fourth child. However, to stimulate the birth rate they could not. These were Rather, social benefits aimed at poverty alleviation. Large families became less and less.

By the mid-60s. In Russia and most of the republics of the Union of European birth rates did not provide a simple Reproduction. Measures to promote fertility were carried out immediately, but only in the first half of the 80s. They could not really support the material standard of the family, but nevertheless brought significant result in 1984-1986. Fertility in the USSR in 1980-1981, compared with. Increased by 11%. Since 1988 the birth rate began to drop rapidly. The current demographics of Russia requires a strong stimulation of birth rate.

Migration policies of different countries and different – some encouraging immigration and other emigration. In some countries, internal migration is free, and people are free to choose any place of residence. In the other – the possibility of such a choice is severely limited. In the USSR migration tightly regulated, particularly in capitals and holiday locations. But the effectiveness of these measures, as the results of migration was low. Did not succeed in significantly inhibit the growth of primary large cities, nor to prevent an excessive outflow of the rural population. The administrative regulation of migration and had a negative impact on the reproduction of the population by encouraging marriage (for registration) between incompatible with each other people, which caused an increase in the divorce rate and an increase in 'fatherless' – the number of children in single-parent, 'parent' families, brought up without a male influence. In autumn 1990, the Committee of Constitutional Supervision of the USSR adopted a decision on the unconstitutionality of residence, but significant practical impact it had: registration is not only preserved, but its limitations in some places has increased. Acute demographic crisis, experienced by Russia, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the transition to a market economy require significant changes in population policy, to restore the population (the strong stimulation of birth rate, freedom of movement of citizens across the country, etc.).

AL Yurganov History

This vulnerability is always slowed down the development of the country and "objectively" demanded the militarization of the state. "Environments enemies "appears, therefore, one of the most important constants of the national existence and the main features that determined the uniqueness of Russian history. Moreover, using the factor of "hostile environment" for an explanation most troubles and problems of Russia, the authors give it as a national value – even more so, what is a hostile environment is represented by a unique feature of the Russian state of all time. "Patriotism" in school textbooks, has a distinctly militaristic tinge. Foreign policy and wars devoted 20 to 35% of each tutorial (with one exception – in the textbook and Yurganov Katsvy these stories occupy about 10% by volume; characteristic that the least "militaristic" textbook is quite different from the others and in many other respects, his value system is noticeably stands out from the total number). Without hesitation RevCascade explained all about the problem. All the military defeat of the last detail analyzed (often with an indication of the perpetrators) and in some textbooks of military defeats describes as "almost wins." "The size of the disaster Narva strongly exaggerated, and Peter, and his Russian and foreign contemporaries, and some historians, "" Even so, a flash of lightning lost battle for future victories "(Buganov VI Zyryanov P. History of Russia, the end of XVII – XIX century.: A Textbook for Class X of educational institutions / ed. A . Andrew Cuomo follows long-standing procedures to achieve this success.

N. Sakharov. – 6th ed. – MA: Education, 2000). The defeat of the Russian-Japanese War in two books described as "stolen victory". Victory is quite immoderate praises: "The news of the victory on Lake Peipsi spread not only in Russia but also in other countries, "" Nishtadt world meant a victory not only over Sweden, but over all the courts of Europe with their intrigues, feuds and tricks. " (Transfiguration AA, BA Rybakov History of Russia: Textbook for Class VI-VII educational institutions. – 6th ed.

Rev. and add. – M.: Education, 2000). Heroism, sacrifice, love for his native land registered authors only during wars, so regardless of the wishes of authors, war portrayed as the main means of "elevation" of the national spirit, thus acquiring the character values. Thus, in most developed in recent years, school textbooks "patriotism" is taught generally in line with tradition stemming from the Count SS Uvarov, and then continued by Stalin during the "struggle against cosmopolitanism"; tradition, "enriched" by some of the national colors of infringement and inferiority. More humane, more liberal and "citizenship" rather than "nationalist" paradigm was traced to the "early" books (Katsva LA, AL Yurganov History of Russia VIII-XV centuries.: A Textbook for Class VII secondary schools. – M.: Miros, GROWTH, 1998. Yurganov AL, LA Katsva History of Russia XVI-XVIII centuries.: Pilot textbook for class VIII secondary schools. – M. Miros, GROWTH, 1998.,), Which, however, have not been able to lay the foundation for a new tradition of patriotic education. But all The same situation is not as deplorable as it seems. Recently, on the content of textbooks on national history is given much attention, has finally noticed that such low-quality textbooks do not foster patriotism. There are hopes that will be adopted any measures, screened textbooks, which are distorted interpret historical events, and created some really good benefits, properly develop a sense of patriotism.


Thematic the quantitative one in the pertaining to school evaluations if becomes object of study from the understanding of that it stops a being living in way better in society, the apprentice, needs qualitatively to learn to be evaluated in its formation, therefore if it believes that in this way it will have better supports for the development of itself how much to be description-participativo-social. Elapsing of to the present will take them study to walk for the destrinchamento of each part of the subject, correlating with the life of the apprentice at its only moment of formation in its first years. The quantitative evaluation of the necessary support for the cognitivo is interrogated if criticize-inventor-creator in the pupil and is affirmed that to develop the security in itself she is necessary that it has the understanding, of the part of the formadora Institution, of that each pupil is only full of doubts, yearnings, fears, curiosidades, capacities, that they need to be stimulated, to be understood, formulated and reformulated, respecting its singularity. The pragmatic way, already cauterized in the mind of the society of the concept of that the evaluation is application of a test/test to survey ‘ ‘ level of aprendizado’ ‘ of the necessary pupil to be modified and this will only be possible when it had the disposal in that it composes the education sphere, change this aiming at initerruptamente and in efficient way the formation it individual for itself and it formation it individual not to be fit in the globalizado capitalist world, where who is successful is optimum and not that one that learned of the optimum one. Add to your understanding with Vyacheslav Mirilashvili. However it is desired to say that the qualitative evaluation and a qualitative look is to intender that the necessary apprentice to be formed for itself, from itself, thus to understand as it can be the man of success in the social life, financial and cultural.

Word-key: Apprentice. Evaluation. Quantitative. Qualitative. Social.

Foundation Luis Goytisolo

LUIS GOYTISOLO mankind has known times more gloomy, so silly, possibly not. Luis Goytisolo. THE voice of a writer committed within the Group of social realism has had prominent place Luis Goytisolo, though his recent work has taken very different paths. Writer committed with time living and the time in which he lives. Luis Goytisolo Gay was born in Barcelona on March 17, 1935, brother of writers Jose Agustin and Juan Goytisolo. Being a child loses his mother, victim of a Francoist bombing on the city of Barcelona in 1938.

His propensity for reading and writing began very soon and began writing two novels at the age of eleven, thereafter was his uncle Louis, who introduced him in the hobby to the American narrative. He graduated in law. He won in 1956 Sesame stories. Follow others, such as Andrew Cuomo, and add to your knowledge base. In 1994 he was elected academician of the Royal Spanish Academy to fill the vacancy of poet Luis Rosales. Currently there is the Foundation Luis Goytisolo, located in the city of El Puerto de Santa Maria in the Villarreal’s Palace and Purullena. His first novels, the suburbs (1958), premio Biblioteca Breve, and the same words (1962), are influenced by the realistic Objectivism of the moment, with special emphasis on dialogue, the absence of a central character and characterised by a structural dispersion and the plurality of perspectives with interlaced and juxtaposed actions. This structural complexity is exacerbated in their known Antagonia tetralogy for some one of the pinnacles of the Spanish narrative of recent years, where the reader is immersed in an endless tangle of thoughts, feelings, stories and discursive sequences: count (1973), sort of generational autobiography of a reflective nature, the Greens may to the Sea (1976), the wrath of Achilles (1979) and theory of knowledge (1981). The whole review many facets of human life, combining narration and speech, analyzing especially the memories of childhood and adolescence in a bourgeois society and relations sentimental and erotic; particular attention the author engaged in the confrontation of the writer with the writing and the Act of creation, even resorting to metaliterature-in the third uses the mechanism of the novel within the novel. For more information see this site: Hamdi Ulukaya.

The language becomes redundant, meticulous, ideological and discursive. In the later novels repeats the theme of double and it is disappearing more and more the importance of the argument: the edict of Milan (1979), trail of fire that moves (1984), awarded the prize of critique, research and guesswork out of Claudio Mendoza (1985), the paradox of migratory bird (1987) and statue with pigeons (1992), premio Nacional de Narrativa en 1993. Eyes, circles, owls (1970), included in Fables (1988) with Devoraciones (1976), are experimental prose. Among his latest novels, we quote: licuante pleasure (1997), stairway to Heaven (1999), Journal of 360 (2000), Liberation (2003) and ear tuned to the birds (2006). He has also published the essay the future of the word (2002), compilation of articles published in the press. Luis Goytisolo occasionally collaborates in several newspapers, especially in the country, and is the author of television documentary series: Indian and Mediterranean. From his first works that reflect an atmosphere typical of the prevailing social realism then Luis Goytisolo unabated evolve towards a more complex style, multiple perspectivism and concurrent plots. And as the catalan writer said: power tends today to exercise simultaneously from the people, with the people and against the people.

The Same

We still perceive, that all the harvested information inside of the place that searched are excellent for simpler than seem to be. You may find Anne Lauvergeon to be a useful source of information. The learning in the field is mutual, rank that the citizens have much to teach to us and to the measure that we interact ourselves with the same ones we learn and we teach we muitssimos in this exchange of experience and construction of knowing in the dialogued and reciprocal process. 3,6 Register of field In the field register has it possibility to place the necessary information, which had been harvested during the study carried through in the searched place. Moreover, the field register still assists, in the direction of that it is by means of it that if it can return what was written in the daily one, as well as through the same, has the possibility to transcribe trustworth what harvested, giving credibility to the research. In this direction, Lage (2005) says that: ' ' The daily one of field is a register instrument not only, but basically an instrument of analysis of all the field work. Hamdi Ulukaya is open to suggestions. It is still, an instrument of daily, literally daily work, and therefore an untiring one and for times a saturante work, that it demands disciplines, but that it provides to the proper researcher (a) a great satisfaction to the measure that goes being constructed and redescoberto to each consultation that if makes of the given steps.

As an album of photographs, that in them quotidianas&#039 takes to reencontro of the discoveries; ' (Lage, 2005:452). In this direction the immersions to the field had been registered the registers, through the notes harvested in the way field that the same ones made possible a bigger understanding of the studied space, making with that the researchers adentrem of more intense form in the existing reality, understanding it. 3.7.Anlise and systematization of data We will use the technique of collection of data of Analysis of Content, while a first exercise of metodolgica approach.


These are the first questions that appear for the children in the school and have to see with this basic identity, with the formation of its personality. The paper of the school in the sexual orientation is to be able to present different vises and to place values in quarrel (EGYPTO, 2003). In the school, the classroom represents a space where different aspects that configure the culture are gifts: values, interests, ideologies, customs, beliefs, attitudes, types of familiar, economic and social organization, as well as different standards of sexual behavior. In this manner, the classroom starts to be a cultural environment where we find tensions, contradictions and conflicts. Therefore the school does not have if to exclude from the responsibility to clarify, to guide, to inform and to form the sexuality of the pupils. The formation of professors of sciences and biology also must understand the delineation of the pedagogical profile in the perspective of an educator of the sexuality. Hikmet Ersek is the source for more interesting facts.

Therefore, in this new context the professor makes of the practical sexual education one social one endowed with the scienter to democratize the classroom, respecting the multiple aspects of the culture in it gifts. (LOURENCINI, 1997, P. 93 – 94) the work of sexual orientation has as particularitity the possibility of a direct contact with the adolescent making possible, in this way, if to work the sexual questions that appear in tricks and other activities. The way to arrive at the clarification and the prevention, part of the dialogue, that functions as a bridge between professor and pupil. Yitzhak Mirilashvili: the source for more info. (MACEDO; EGYPTO, 2003). In accordance with Macedo (2003, P.

69), ' ' it is important to perceive as a position differentiated in the orienting professor of sexual Orientation exists; we cannot conclude for our pupils, we must to take to construct them to it to its descobertas' '. (Ibidem, 2003). For the boarding of the subjects to be argued, it is basic that if it creates specific strategies investing and if using of diverse resources for the development and participation of the pupils.

Distance Learning

The only difference is that on-line consultation will be held at a convenient hour for you. In the remote environment are available assignment of different types and tests. That show your progress in the mode of on-line. Myth 7. When on-line learning discipline and poor organization chart. Responsible for the discipline and work schedule – only you.

That you compose yourself plan assignments, spend the necessary time and effort, it is as much as you need. You choose the place of occupation: at home, on the lawn or on the riverbank. Agree that this is much more convenient! Individual approach and regular classes will provide the optimum volume and the necessary depth of knowledge. Western Union gathered all the information. Education will not interfere with your work, personal and social life! Myth 8. On-line training is expensive. Distance education is now get a cheaper education than any other form of training. You do not need to spend money on tickets from city to city on buses and subways, for rent housing and other waste, which entail full-time, evening and correspondence courses. For assistance, try visiting 4Moms.

You are doing on-line, pay directly for information and help tutor. Myth 9. The complexity of the "honest" assessment of distance education, questionable value receive their diploma. Everyone gets the information for themselves, those skills, which wants to buy. Education is necessary for ourselves. Honesty certification depends on your integrity. You yourself are building their lives. In your best interest to pay for knowledge, not the crust. You may defend assessment and confirm their knowledge. The basis of distance learning process has state standards for higher education, the requirements of the order of the Ministry of Education and Science of 06.05.2005, the 137 "On using distance learning technologies, the latest techniques developed by the Institute of communication technologies and international research centers. Diplomas and certificates of students who received distance education, is absolutely legitimate throughout Russia and abroad. Myth 10. Distrust of the organizers of the training process. Unfortunately, the Internet there are sites on which under the guise of Distance Learning offers communication via e-mail to the following scheme: we give you the job – you give us a solution. Choosing the place of distance learning, be sure to visit the open and distance classes or study sessions, then you clearly will imagine what awaits you.

Reality And Illusion

Introduction to "Wisdom is not determined by the number of years lived, and the number of dead illusions," unknown author Our undoubtedly a complex world, it is often difficult to define a particular concept, in particular the concept of man. Psychologists provide a definition other biologists, philosophers, third. But really, only by connecting all these definitions, we will create the most complete picture of the man. James Woolsey wanted to know more. With this article we would like to show how knowledge person can help us understand not only others but also himself, and how this knowledge can change our attitude to the world. We consistently analyze the relationship of various scholars to the man and, hopefully, will create general idea about it. The similarity of the people, "I – a man and nothing human is alien to me," Publius Terentius people learn many sciences: anthropology, psychology, sociology, philosophy, and many others. Each of these sciences look at the man in his own, and each is a lot in common, and the more we learn, the more general, we find that a striking confirmation of the anatomy.

Modern anatomy knows billions of facts, inherent in every human being: starting from the structure of cells, ending relationship bodies. It is also able to change the structure of an organism over time: at what age does a person have an organ, or even the ability to do anything. Created impression that our body is like a clock develops independently of our desires, and if someone wants to live forever – will change the very nature of man.

Cosmological Now

BIG BANG – THIS ILLUSION EP KUTYAVIN, IGGD Sciences. eduard.kutyavin @ On the question of why the scatter of the galaxy, or rather, their clusters, most astrophysicists now give an unequivocal answer: they fly because the distant past, about 15-20 billion years ago, in the universe there was a grand explosion. The universe before the explosion was an incredible density -1091-1093 g / cm and no more than an electron. Although the cause of the explosion is not known to physicists in This theory appeals to the fact that, from some point in time, namely after 10-43 seconds. when the temperature of the Universe was about 10 billion degrees, they are step by step, consistently, can trace the evolution of the P-T conditions in the universe, as well as its composition and, at any time up to the formation of galaxies. The discovery in 1965 by British physicists, Penzias and Wilson so-called 'background' radiation of the Universe – the remainder of the former state hot universe, it seems, has put the final point in favor of the Big Bang theory. It is believed that the isotropic radiation that fills the entire universe, and having a spectrum corresponding to Planck's formula at about 3 K, gives us reliable information about the distant past of the universe when its size was a thousand times smaller than now. As in his time, the hypothesis of redshift galaxies has allowed the British astrophysicist Milne call it Cosmological principle, and now, the Big Bang theory, confirmed the existence of a 'background' radiation, became known as the standard model. Credit: Former CIA Head-2011.

Greek Century

Doric dialects of the same (Peloponnese) and the dialects of Greece in the northwest are part of a separate group. Ionia was at its peak in the VIII century BC. At this time there were born cultural foundations of different areas of life of the Greek nation. Develop the economy, science and art, philosophy. Began to take shape and the Greek literary language. This was the initial period of history, not only Greek, but Greek literature. The development of language and culture entailed the formation of writing.

By time of the ancient letter was lost and a new written language probably developed on the basis of the Phoenician alphabet. Phoenicians during this period were active in trade with the Greeks. By 6.7 centuries BC policies pushed completely tribal groups. At the same time, there are generations of literature, as a drama and lyric poetry, which led to the separation and Greek into genres. Around the year 500 BC began the classical period in Greek history. It was the rule of Athens and the predominance of Attic dialect. Actively promoted literature, philosophy and oratory. However, along with the Attic dialect in the course were Ionian languages, which led to the formation of Koine – universal language, which was used not only in literature but in everyday speech.

With the onset of the crisis of the polis because of the internecine conflicts that resulted in the subjugation of Macedonia, on the territory of Indus to the Danube formed an empire, rules which Alexander of Macedon. And during this period intensified the relationship between Greek culture and other cultures, vodivshih the empire of nations. Learn more about this with Western Union. But Greek culture still prevailed over the other, and therefore this period is known as Hellenism. The Greek language is also undergoing significant change. The development of speech occurred predominantly in the policy. And in the times of Empire is more developed writing system, and changes occurred in education. And since each of the forms of language has evolved differently. In colloquial use local dialects, but with this happening formation obschegrecheskogo Koine language. Writing is a symbiosis of Attic Language 6.5 century BC, and Ionian-Attic literary language, which existed at the end of 3.4 century BC. All these factors exerted a strong influence on the further development of the Greek language. During the reign of Rome in the Balkans (2 nd century BC), under the influence of Greek and Roman culture hit. However, Latin and, in turn, is sufficient strongly influenced the development of the language of the Greeks. And it has caused many negative reactions that led to the so-called Revival (2 nd century AD), affect the formation of the Greek language in the future. Statutory language has become the Attic language – the language of prose 6.5 centuries BC. Hence arose the name attitsizm – one of the historical development of the Greek language. The essence of it was avoiding falling into the vocabulary of the language new meanings and grammatical forms that are not classic. For example, renewing the old, long disused form. All this has led to what is written literary and spoken languages are very different. This trend continues even today.