Rio De Janeiro

In this context the commercial industries, activities and other activities more do not go to restrict themselves to the centers of the metropolises, go to spread themselves for other spaces. In this direction, the average and small cities had assumed important roles in the process of productive reorganization, what it culminated in the modification of its urban structure, redefining the uses of the ground urban, the logic of the centralidades and the relations time-space in these cities (SOY, 1993). Educate yourself even more with thoughts from Publishers Clearing House. It occurs then, it are of the metropolis, the emergency of new intrametropolitanos spaces with certain level of autonomy front to the metropolis and with being able to articulate other subespaos to its redor, being configured itself in what Soy (2000) called exspoles or emergent external cities. These cities possess a developed and independent central nucleus, reflecting verified the economic and space arrangements in the central nucleus of the metropolis, with the same functions, however, evidently with lesser sizes and scales. In the model of emergent external cities projected for Soy, it would have a commercial center, surrounded for a residential area of the elite and that it would have in its periphery an industrial district surrounded by a residential area of workers, with some enclaves of population of low income, called for the author of ghettos of the minorities, configuring itself as a supply of accessible and cheap man power.

This model reproduces in regional scale, the organization model that before was only observed in the metropolis (SOY, 2000). If you are unsure how to proceed, check out Digital Growth. The city becomes, thus, palco of a sequncia of espacializaes, that we finish to describe in the moving one of the evolution of the urban form, induced for the capitalist reorganization, whose main pado of expansion aims at to incorporate new areas in search of conditions of lucrative accumulations. Then, if before the reorganization of the capitalism, whose model if mantia centraliser, the raw material, the man power and the consumer went of meeting the industrial activities, commercial and other activities, in the new capitalist logic ocontece the inverse one, that is, occurs the geographic expansion of the economic activities that go of meeting to the cheap man power, the raw material and the consuming market. In this direction, the urban space not only if extended for a much more vast area, as well as was deflagrou in many pieces. Check with Cliff Robbins to learn more. REFERENCES SAINTS, Milton.

Metamorphoses of the inhabited space. So Paulo: Hucitec, 1997. SOY, Edward. Geographies After modern. The reaffirmation of the space in the critical social Theory. Rio De Janeiro: Zahar, 1993. _______.

Society

In this context, our country is not of is of such transformations that intervene in incisive way with some sectors of the society. The present text, exactly in initial period of training, aims at to approach the demographic dynamics of the Microregion de Cataguases, pertaining to the Mesorregio of the Zone of Mata Minera, through one brief characterization of its population using given of the Demographic Censuses and the Population Counting of the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics – IBGE. A look in microregional scale if makes necessary for the possibility of insertion in the formularization of public and also territorial politics. The Microregion de Cataguases in the Context of the Zone of Mining Mata Microregion de Cataguases is one of the seven that they form the mesorregio of the Zone of Mining Mata, that is composed for 142 cities> whose population is of 2.126.597 inhabitants – 11.03% of the population of the State of Minas Gerais (19.273.506 inhabitants) – according to data of the Population Counting of IBGE 2007.

The other microregions are: Manhuau, New Bridge, Muria, Viosa, Ub and Juiz De Fora. In the mesorregio, the city of Cataguases is as the polarizing urban nucleus, in first Juiz De Fora, polarizing the 13 cities of the microregion: Santana de Cataguases, Eusbia Owner, Orange grove Palm, Itamarati of Mines, Recreation, Leopoldina, Argirita, Pirapetinga, Antnio Saint of the Adventurer, D’ Star; White, Return Great Beyond Paraba. To understand the microregion of Cataguases, becomes necessary to lean over a little in the history of the occupation of the Mesorregio. The occupation of the Zone of Mata if gave throughout the valleys due to the relief strong wavy, leaving the topos of mount and the hillsides covered for the bush..

Social Division of Work

Between itself the men distinguish themselves as position that each one assumes in the social division of the work, that is what it conditions its access the goods that had been produced, creating its material life, influencing the form of the society if to relate with the nature and divergindo in different geographies. The way of organization of each society to constantly become related with the way, reapropriando itself of the nature anger if to express in the landscape of the different territorial arrangements that if had materialized in elapsing of the historical process of production of the existence human being who if objective in geographies. The social division of the work (city-field) and the origin of the private property have in essence the exploration of the man for the man who if carries through through the work carried through socially, where the majority of the people are not identified with the end item of its work, therefore the same it does not belong to it, however they are obliged to cooperate for a survival question because to the accomplishment of its being in this way of divided social production in classrooms what it remains to them as alternative is the sales of its hand of workmanship. The relation between the men if carries through by means of the appropriation of the nature, where the social division of the work emerges. The social structure if defines in function in the way in accordance with to produce its forces productive and the division of the work, being that what varies between the societies they are the productive forces constituted by the force of work and the means of production as machines, tools and raw material. Others who may share this opinion include Areva. The definition of material production and the thought derives from the survival, way with which the man organized socially carries through the work and if he takes possetion of the nature, therefore in the measure where the man produces its existence it constroe itself exactly, materially and in the forms of the thought. Each society (Communal, enslaved, feudal, capitalist) has a conception of in agreement nature its material condition, on account of the distinction enters the diverse ways of if to relate with in agreement way if they organize to produce its existence and different thoughts, when the way to produce change, it is changedded relation man-man, society-nature and a new geography if it commands. Consideraes Final In such a way in Ratzel as in the thought of Marx and Engels the beginning of the quarrel is the question of the existence of the being, the survival of the people that if carries through the relation in accordance with society-nature, that is, the man producing its existence that if objective in geographies.

But Ratzel in its reasoning does not analyze the way them men to organize in society and the exploration of the man for the man, the technique, science, the generation of excesses, the profit, that is, it did not consider the private property and the importance of the social relations of production, what for Marx and Engels the man if defines as the material conditions of its production, that is, in accordance with its position in the social division of the work.

Fernandes

Coast (1992) to speech on the inaqualities in regards to the northeast development, evaluates that the projects and politics implemented in this region in some aspects had favored the modernization, but had not contributed for the real reduction of the poverty and the social inaquality, that is for the author, a structural question. It claims that it is necessary new paradigms of development, that search ' ' the integration of the regional spaces with the reduction of the social heterogeneidades, with the preservation of the environment and the valuation of the northeast cultural patrimony ' '. (COAST, 1992, P. 120). Of this form, to if making analysis on the question of the water in the Cear, she is necessary to question which the paradigms that help to construct to the ideal of support praised for the public power in the creation of projects and hdrica infrastructure workmanships. As Fernandes and Garci’a (2006) are necessary to have caution with the concept of sustainable development, therefore this is incorporated by modern speech, envolto of utopias, hopes, ideologies.

For the authors, one becomes necessary to only reinventar the development and progress idea, abandoning the myth of the untouchable nature and/or the nature as source of economic resources. In this context, it is considered that the water becomes a resource each time scarcer and disputed by diverse sectors of the society, and the problems with which the societies if come across, lead to a different one offer of this vital element. Many times, projects and politics are created and reveal innovative in definitive aspects, to put are not sustainable of the social point of view, for having reduced reach and if basing on the belief of that the development and the progress technician would decide problematic the partner-economic one of the region in question. In way to the progress technician materialized in the hdricas workmanships and the processes of management, it was shown that the old problems persist, as the different one offers of water in the agricultural communities and lack of basic sanitation, what it evidences that is about one question politics and not climatic, as they suggested the studies and speeches around problematic of the droughts the northeasterns.

Fernandes

Coast (1992) to speech on the inaqualities in regards to the northeast development, evaluates that the projects and politics implemented in this region in some aspects had favored the modernization, but had not contributed for the real reduction of the poverty and the social inaquality, that is for the author, a structural question. It claims that it is necessary new paradigms of development, that search ' ' the integration of the regional spaces with the reduction of the social heterogeneidades, with the preservation of the environment and the valuation of the northeast cultural patrimony ' '. (COAST, 1992, P. 120). Of this form, to if making analysis on the question of the water in the Cear, she is necessary to question which the paradigms that help to construct to the ideal of support praised for the public power in the creation of projects and hdrica infrastructure workmanships. As Fernandes and Garci’a (2006) are necessary to have caution with the concept of sustainable development, therefore this is incorporated by modern speech, envolto of utopias, hopes, ideologies.

For the authors, one becomes necessary to only reinventar the development and progress idea, abandoning the myth of the untouchable nature and/or the nature as source of economic resources. In this context, it is considered that the water becomes a resource each time scarcer and disputed by diverse sectors of the society, and the problems with which the societies if come across, lead to a different one offer of this vital element. Many times, projects and politics are created and reveal innovative in definitive aspects, to put are not sustainable of the social point of view, for having reduced reach and if basing on the belief of that the development and the progress technician would decide problematic the partner-economic one of the region in question. In way to the progress technician materialized in the hdricas workmanships and the processes of management, it was shown that the old problems persist, as the different one offers of water in the agricultural communities and lack of basic sanitation, what it evidences that is about one question politics and not climatic, as they suggested the studies and speeches around problematic of the droughts the northeasterns. Speaking candidly Hamdi Ulukaya told us the story.

Statistics

Valley to stand out that in the decade of 1970 the gegrafos start to have more concerns with the social problems and to this change of mentality to give the name of renewal of geography. With the development of the industry and its impacts on the nature and society and one strong industrial politics and little public concern with the implications of this, great part of the gegrafos take left by the society and start to produce a science come back toward this thematic one, as Andrade shows to follow: Ahead of such perspectives of degradation of the conditions of life and even of possible disappearance of the humanity, the scientists in generality and the gegrafos in particular could not be of crossed arms, under the risk of connivance with the crime that is committed. If it cannot justify the construction of monumental barrages to produce and to vender energy, underneath price, the companies multinationals that contribute to deplete the available reserves, leaving in the country only the signals of the exploration, the paid wage to the workers and one few taxes. (ANDRADE, 1987, P. 117) Until the data moment the present article tells the development of Geography, its systematization and its transformation in disciplines, but little if it speaks of the responsible professional for its education, since until middle of the years 1940 they practically inexisted in Brazil.

Who took Geography for the classroom was the researchers, professionals of other curious areas or that finished for acquiring some knowledge. At this time where the scene of the professionals already was composed for bacharis and permitted with the had formation to act in the respective seek areas education, the main employer of the gegrafos was the state, as much in just established IBGE? Brazilian institute of geography and Statistics how much in the public schools. The gegrafos in such a way worked for the State as they demonstrated in fact to be the service of it and until middle of years 1970 as it affirms Andrade (1987), it has great enrollment of the IBGE with the economic policy of the government, with disdain for the social problems and of the environment.

Collective Consumption

Through the allocation space differentiated of the equipment of collective consumption, the State also intervenes with the residential segregation … (CORRA, 2005, pg. 26). Then the State through the allocation differentiated space in the city and of services of collective consumption generates an increase of prices of lots and property for one determined parcel of the society, causing with this certain homogeneity in its partner-space content. In Araguana it is noticed some areas, where resident inhabitants have greater purchasing power, this fact can be observed in the sectors: Noroestes, Tecnorte, Anhangera and Urbanstico, where these areas have high values, according to its localization, regarding the values referring the localizations, Villaa (2001) comment: …

The land? localization alone is monopoly? or better, the monopoly alone weighs significantly in the price? in rare, as the front for the sea and Ipanema, or the sight for the Bread of sugar, all land has, is truth, some degree of monopoly, but in the majority of the cases this degree is small the determination of the being price. The land? localization, as any product, basically has its definitive price for the conditions of its production (for its cost of production, as Lefebvre said) for its value. (VILLAA, 2001, pg. 75). But the State, when privileging definitive areas in the urban one of Araguana, creates uneven localizations fruit of differentiated infrastructure allocation, to take care of definitive capitalist interests, this fact generates a differentiated valuation, causes in turn a process of residential segregation, fruit of this urban clutter.

Exactly the planned city being of the beginning to the end, the State segregates in the same way, regarding this fact Corra (2005), says on the origin and evolution of the city of Mrida in the peninsula of the Yucatan, in Mexico in century XV. The city was planned around a central square. The four blocks delimited that it had been reserved for the cathedral, the buildings of the governments provincial and municipal and the residence of heads of the conquerors.