For Nusdeo (2000) the economy consists of a social science that studies the laws of logistic production and consumption of goods and services, resultant of the relation enters the limitless necessities to satisfy and to the available resources. Ahead of this perspective the tourism assumes the aspect of a necessity human being if to satisfy to one definitive price, thus establishing a relation between tourism and economy, beyond the eventual economic, resultant oscillation of the activity. Being the economic context determinative factor in the market laws, that can modify the relations of the receiving communities, tending the tourist phenomenon to a impactante nature. For Pellegrine (2000) all effect of alteration in the way or some of its components consists of an impact and needs to be treated as such. as well as the Lage et. al (2000) the present article make reference to reference the impacts of the tourism, classifying them in economic or social, identifying to the positive aspects and negative associates to the development of the tourism in the receiving communities, problematic face to the growth of the activity, that according to World-wide Organization of the Tourism (2009) grows 4.2% to the year since 2000, and approximately mobilizes an income of US$ 5 trillions, to the pressure exerted on the social and economic resources, as well as the increasing importance as verge source, for the economy of the receiving community. The complexity of the relation between the residents and the tourists in an interrelation context enters the individuals in a society with extension to the receptividade ethics and for the management of conflicts it elapses of the different social coexistences and economic, it discloses the relevancy to one analyzes social and economic of the resultant impacts of the activity. This article meets structuralized previously in a presented introduction that it induces the reader to the subject of article it justifies the relevancy of the inclusion of the survey of social and economic impacts, after that it appraises economy and tourism, in accordance with identifies, classifies and presents impacts of the tourism describing them the perspective of the different authors analyzed in the present research and later it presents a conclusion detaching the aspects central offices of the study, to the necessity of if considering the social and economic impacts in a process of planning supported of the tourism in the receiving communities where the consequences of the activity happen positively or negative on the receiving population, had as main protagonists of the tourism place, without which the tourism if would not develop, being of vital importance the integration of public and private sector, as well as the participation of the local residents in favor of the development of the tourism of sustainable form.