The decade of 1920 is the period that if characterizes, in the sphere of the health, for the joint action of the states Brazilian and North American, the National Department of Sade Pblica (DNSP) and the Rockefeller Foundation (5, 3). The DNSP was composed, already at the time, for the divisions of Tuberculosis, Venereal diseases and Infantile Hygiene, in which forty and four young ones enabled as visitadoras nurses for a course of twelve theoretical readings. Ethel Parsons, responsible for the coordination of the Service of Sanitary Nursing of the Rockefeller Foundation, described these young in one of its reports as ' ' women who came from an ignorant classroom and did not have any practical training of nursing, even so expected of them a nature work profissional' ' (5). The creation of a school and delimitation of a field of practical professional had constituted prerequisite the necessary ones so that the visitadores of health (5), that they were lay, without formal organization and control were removed of the public scene, regulating thus the nursing as strategical profession in the sanitary organization of the city. Additional information is available at Hikmet Ersek. The concern with the protection to infancy and the maternity, in formal terms, date of 1921, when, for occasion of the reorganization of the health services, the government assumed the responsibility to act in the infantile hygiene, but in 1975 it only is that if they introduce measured concrete to articulate the attendance of the health of the woman and the child in the three spheres of the power public? federal, state and municipal (7). The professionalization of the nursing in Brazil counted on the support of the direction of the DNSP, but she was necessary to gain the confidence of its departments and the population. From now on the concern in tracing a line is born of action that characterized the visitadores distinguished and them from the nursing professionals. .
Over all to know to dimensionar what it is risk, as to minimize and as not to expose itself. So that this occurs is necessary to the preparation of the professionals of health to act interacting with professionals of other areas, in way to extend and to integrate its knowledge, allowing the boarding of the individual as a whole. To this if together the knowledge of that the primary prevention must in such a way be stimulated under the economic aspect, biological and sanitary. More information is housed here: Governor Cuomo. It fits to stand out that superior education in health fulfills partially its paper in the formation of guided professionals stops to work with the SUS and for the compromised SUS not even with the social control. Historically in Brazil, the referring actions to the individual health have deserved more attention of what those referring ones to the collective health. Perhaps the actions of the Sanitary Monitoring are one of practical the collective ones more neglected for the health politics. With insufficient teams, without access the training and updates, submitted the low wages, physical and moral exposition the conflicts of financial interests and politicians, aggressions, amongst as much other problems.
Unhappyly, the sanitary monitoring is only remembered in cases of national repercussion and with great I appeal the media and as practical capable not to promote the protection and improvement of the quality of life and health of the population. The movement for the municipalizao of the actions of health in few experiences incorporated the actions of monitoring in its programming. In a great number of cities actions are executed by the State, in many distant cases of the municipal reality. The sanitary monitoring must be part of the planning of the programmatical actions of health and acquire priority politics. Thus, the sanitary monitoring will have to be understood as component of the integral attention to the health with practical of promotion and prevention of risks and a strong educative instrument in health, that is basic for the improvement of its effectiveness.
Introduction: The increase of the longevity in Brazil brings obtains innumerable benesses, however the risk of physical, social and mental problems, in this case in special, the depression. Objective: The objective of this study were to identify to the prevalence and causes (or factors of risk) for depression in aged and raising the possible interventions to multidiscipline to be adopted in aged that already they are gotten depressed. Method: The adopted methodology was the revision of descriptive literature of materials published in last the 10 years on the thematic one. Results: the results had evidenced that the prevalence of depression in aged is high, that the risk factors are multiple, including physical and financial lack of leisure, solitude, limitations. The interventions most traditional are the medicamentosas, followed of the psycotherapy, alternative therapies (or complementary) and of the interpersonal relationship. Conclusions: pontua that the depression is a serious mental disease at any point of the vital cycle, in special in the oldness. The causal factors of risk or are multiple and vary each aged one in accordance with.
Finally, the medicamentoso treatment is extremely important for specific cases, however it fits to the team to multidiscipline in health to use of other resources to take care of of aged with depression, improving its quality of life and preventing returns. Word-key: Health of the Aged one. Depression. Team to multidiscipline of health