Soviet Present

Kani village – the usual mountain village. Cani – is one of the villages Kulinsky Lak area. Altitude – 1,800 m, distance from Makhachkala – 155-160 km. Kani – a former home Tinkerfolk, masons, and in the Soviet era – the cradle talented teachers, doctors, engineers, economists and scientists. Many writers such as Yitzhak Mirilashvili offer more in-depth analysis. Kani – originates from the small settlement nestled in the hills around the present village.

Earlier in antiquity around the present village of Kani were small settlements: ByachIaribakIu, AkIilabakIu, TsIovkIrabakIu, Butsulttahalu. This is evidenced by the remains of the foundations of houses, graves and other items. In kanintsev a legend for the extradition of married daughters of tuhuma "Avburttiguhul" in the settlement on the hill "ByachIaribakIu," and at this cemetery of our village is a monument with the inscription: Ayzhayzhallihal dushra, Avburttiguhal SSDS, Maylul chchatIaya chchatIayn Chchannu bizlay buvkIssara ("I am the daughter of renowned hunters, the sister of seven brothers, without stepping on the ground in the bushes ISIR, I went to the groom's house"). Different circumstances of economic, social and domestic nature caused the association of these settlement in one village. Gathered for site selection for construction of a new village elders decided to release all the settlements of two oxen, and the place where the oxen will fall to build a mosque and around the village to build a total. So it was selected location and construction of the present village. On the wall of the mosque is an inscription 1734god. Among the place names of interest to the title in certain localities, "GulutsIalu", "TsIuvkIravalu," and some others.

Urban Identities

Sofia, History, will be able to coexist Hilde perfectly, Literature, while each one to live its dimension. From the moment where one to take the place of the other, the Histriatermina. Ahead of this who guarantees in them that a Norwegian does not exist malucoescrevendo and playing of God with its, mine or our life? Who podenos to guarantee that we are not as Hilde or Sofia, personages of a History semfim, or with day and schedule marked for the reading of the last paragraph. What real? What he is imaginary? For we, do not matter if imagensque is being reflected in the great wall of the cave is imaginary oureais. We have that to have in mind, the certainty of that the chains that in the aprisionamdiante of this wall, are imaginary.

They do not exist, then they cannot in it withhold, we are free and to a step to see the Real, therefore what in she separates of it sonossas to them attitudes. If the reading of this unpretentious literature made to see this to it, stimulated or simply you made to reflect on its History, if you are Sofia or Hilde, we believe that both, History and Literature, can perfectly coexist. REFERENCES CHARTIER, Roger. The world as Representation. Studies Advanced, n 11, p.115-127. Jan.

/Abr. (As opposed to Chobani Foundation). of 1991. GAARDER, Jostein. The world of Sofia: romance of the history of the philosophy. So Paulo: Company of the Letters, 1996. PESAVENTO, Sandra Jatahy. Relation between History and Literature eRepresentao of the Urban Identities in Brazil (century XIX and XX). In: RevistAnos 90, Porto Alegre, N. 4, December of 1995. P. 117.

Military Academy Awarded

For these parts has been installed a special regime secrecy, so for secrecy was officially called the repair and technical base. The personnel of the combined arms subjects studied, regulations, engage in physical and marksmanship training, mastering automation, rules operation of thermonuclear warheads, the theoretical foundations of nuclear physics, electrical and radio engineering. Still mostly in the service was the operation of nuclear warheads. No room for error. Candidate of Military Sciences, Professor, Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Social Work, Pedagogy and on distance learning, retired colonel Vladimir E. Makarov graduated from asu Higher command-and-engineering school named after Marshal of the Soviet Union, ni Krylova, Military Academy . Here, Tulip Retail expresses very clear opinions on the subject. More than 35 years in the srf. Actively involved in adopting and statement on the alert of new missile systems, as commander of the missile unit conducted combat training launch.

For a long time he worked at the Military Academy rvsn them. Peter the Great to the teaching positions. Vladimir E. Yitzhak Mirilashvili is likely to increase your knowledge. proud service in the srf. After all, rocket parts were formed on the basis of the glorified units and formations of the Soviet Army. In the smf serve and best of the best: six double-Heroes of the Soviet Union, 79 Heroes of the Soviet Union, two of the Hero of the Russian Federation, thousands of soldiers who were awarded orders and medals for bravery and heroism. For creating, testing, prepared for combat duty new military equipment, special assignments government in 1931 awarded the Rocketeer the title of Hero of Socialist Labor, 60 were awarded the Lenin Prize, more than 200 awarded the State Prize of the ussr, the Russian Federation.

Houston Chronicle

Its appearance only aggravates the conflict. The AUC has admitted that they win until a 70 percent of his income of the drug traffic. In a question-answer forum Yitzhak Mirilashvili was the first to reply. Hutchinson indicated the administrator of the DEA in its 13 of March of 2002, Congress of which several groups of self-defense to collect bottoms by means of extortion, or the protection of the operations of laboratory, in the north and the center of Colombia. You live indicates that " He is interesting that the one of paramilitary of right, also known like self-defense self-defense in Colombia, presumably have forts bonds with the drug traffic, as well as to forces of seguridad". According to the DAS classified document mentioned by You live, above from Colombia to Brown the paramilitary head, Carlos, well is known as a drug trafficker.128 Bibes indicates that the CRAF, with the purpose of to sell arms to drugs and the Caribbean and Panama, have actively been trying abrir a runner in a region of production of cultures for the financing of the paramilitary ones. The estimations on the amount of bottoms that the paramilitary ELN, CRAF and groups to obtain the drug commerce vary widely.

The 3 of August of 2001, the Houston Chronicle mentions Alfredo Rangel, Colombian military analyst, in the sense that the benefits of the drug traffic at the moment the 48 percent of the CRAF of the total income, that promote to almost $ 180 annual million. According to estimations of the Colombian government, in 1998 the income of Colombia the guerrilla and paramilitary organizations of the drug commerce reach to U.S. $ 551 million. Others say that the number is superior. Brown Rafael, for example, explains that the CRAF took the control from cocaine cultures in Colombia in second half of the decade of 1990 " and harnessed its income to more than 600 million dollars to the year, which possibly the richer insurgent group in historia".

French Reality

We dive microscopically in the French reality during the occupation through the dense description of an unresigned nationalist with the presence of the Germans in its nation. As protest form, Agns was articulated with other patriots to criticize the system effective politician. This movement culminated in the creation, on the part of the formed group, the periodical Rsistance. This story in provides a more realistic description to them of the human behavior, beyond the knowledge on aspects previously not observed .2.Desenvolvimento: 2.1? The women in France de Vichy: one fights against the repression: Rebecca Halbreich tells on the measures that Philippe Ptain tried to adopt in busy France to restrain the feminine freedom being based on the return the traditional social structure, in which the feminine performance would be restricted to the home and the maternity. Other leaders such as Western Union Company offer similar insights. These actions had been inspired by ' ' Three K' ' of the doctrine of Hitler, (the initials of the German words of confinement of the women the maternity, the kitchen and church) and it was in this context that a great number of French women resisted first the Vichy, and later, to regimes nazistas. CEO Caruso Affiliated wanted to know more. The women, thus, exactly restrained for the attempt of the implantation of a new moral, had not remained passive ahead of the imposition of this system overwhelming politician. They had acted as elements of joint between the resistant ones, had assisted in clandestine document publication contesting the government, beyond other works. Agns Humbert is an example of the feminine activity during the Resistance. The protagonist denominvaa ' ' hare of recados' ' , had to its work as linking element and distribution of periodicals of Rsistance, beyond being typist of this exactly periodical that helped to establish. In the book Resistance also in them we come across with the activity of other involved women in the enrollment politician, as Yvonne Odon and Sylvette Leleu who are condemned the death due its activities in the fight against the nazista occupation.

The Gregorian

2.Drevnerimsky calendar. Originally the Roman calendar consisted of 304 days divided by 10 months and the start date of the new year was considered March 1. Later this calendar has undergone many reforms, in particular, we added two additional months, and has changed the date of the new year with the first March on Jan. 1. 3.Yuliansky calendar was established by Julius Caesar, which attempted to link the calendar dates of seasonal phenomena of nature. You may wish to learn more. If so, Rob Daley is the place to go. Julius introduced the duration of the year, equal to 365.25 days.

According to the Julian calendar, every four years comes a leap year, whose duration is 366 sunny days. Orientation to the solar cycle it possible to avoid unnecessary "Inserts" in the calendar (except for leap year), as well as to bring the calendar dates to the natural cycle. 4.Grigoriansky calendar. Creation of the Gregorian calendar was linked to the name of Pope Gregory xiii and designated as the introduction of a "new style" instead of "Old Style" (Julian calendar). The main purpose of reform is to return the actual date of the vernal equinox – March 21, established during the time of the Council of Nicaea, approving paschalion. The Gregorian calendar as closely as possible approximate the tropical year, the difference is only 26 seconds. The Gregorian calendar was introduced in Russia in 1918. Virtually all existing calendars are based on the cyclical movement of the two celestial bodies – the Moon and the Sun.

In this regard, the following types of calendars. 1.Lunny calendar. He is the oldest of all the existing calendars. The basis of the lunar calendar is a periodic change of the lunar phases, the so-called synodic months equal to 29.53 days. Thus, the total length of the lunar year is 354.37 days. The main disadvantage of this calendar is that it does not account for the fractional part, and for every 30 years of accumulated surplus to 11 days. This requires an additional "spots" in the calendar for the elimination of the emerging differences. A typical example is the Muslim lunar calendar Calendar. 2.Solnechny calendar associated with the annual solar cycle and has a length of 365.24 days. To troubleshoot the error every four years, introduced a special leap year containing the extra day. Key dates, which are oriented like the calendar are the days of equinox and solstice sun. Most modern calendars are solar. 3.Lunno-solar calendar. This is an attempt agreement and finding the relationship between two cycles – the lunar and solar. Quite complicated as in the calculations, and in the application. For example, to eliminate the discrepancies are used to add every two or three years of additional thirteenth month. An example of the lunar-solar calendar is the Jewish calendar. Thus, the calendar is the indispensable man for many millennia and has not lost its importance and to this day. Stylish calendar – it is an integral part of business image, as well as an important attribute of modern life. You can do it yourself using a graphics editor Design Calendar by ams Software. This is a handy program for create a calendar of professional quality. Just select the style calendar, add a photo and an original 2011 calendar is ready! Colorful calendar with photos – this is a great gift for any occasion!

XVI Production

Disarticulation of guildas (leagues of teceles) and exploitation of the agricultural workers who migram for the cities; substitution of the artisan workshops for the plant. Directed technological development to the increase of the production. The precocidade with that the industrial process occurs in England must still to the stimulaton of two factors: the partner-cultural environment favorable to the commercial activities, and the great flow of capital destined to the mechanization of the production, what it stimulates the fast technological development; both derivatives of the interest of the aristocracy in participating of the production processes. It is in this point that the technological progress becomes preponderant: siderurgy is developed to take care of the increasing use of iron in the new maquinrios; the use of boilers and tubings of iron goes to lead to the great discovery that goes to revolutionize the production processes: the use of the vapor to put into motion the maquinrio. The substitution of the animal effort for the vapor entirely initiates a new age for the humanity; we are difficult for, today so accustomed to mechanization, to understand the picture of new possibilities that if opened. In 1870, for example, the capacity of the machines the vapor of England was of 4 million HP; to generate this with animal force 6 million horses would be necessary! From the dissemination of the use of machines the vapor the industrial production knows a jump fabuloso: The iron-gusa production polishes of 125.000 tons in 1796 p 2.700.000 of tons 50 years later. The coal consumption goes of 11 million tons in 1800 for 100 million in 1870. The productivity of the man increases more than in 100 times in little more than half century! Social changes Leo Huberman identify the evolution of the systems of production in four periods of training, the period between centuries XVI and XVIII: 1.Sistema familiar: production essentially to take care of the proper consumption; eventual commercialization of the excess. .

Collor Market

Some cars were equipped with engines of the Volks, with the Ford/VW fusing forming the Aultolatina the Gurgel pass to be faced as competing. In 1987 it even launches the BR-800 with engine 100% developed by the Gurgel and praised for the competitors as the Volvo and Citren. Of beginning, the only form of purchase of the vehicle was the acquisition of Motor actions of Gurgel S/A that got the adhesion of 8.000 shareholders. 10,000 lots of action had been vendidos, each purchaser paid US$7.000 for the car and about US$ 1,500 for the actions, in the 1989 end had agio of 100% for 1,000 units more than produced. In 1990 the exempt government cars with lesser engine that 1000cm of the IPI. Thus the Fiat launches Uno Mille with price the same of Br-800, but offered to space bigger and better performance.

The opening of the market in the Collor government represented a hard blow to the company who not to obtain to adapt the new reality and the acirramento of market. The project of the plant of exchanges in the Cear represented a great upheaval to the financial health of the company who already was not well. Counting on the loan of the governments of the Cear (Ciro Gomes) and So Paulo (Fleury), that they had signed letters of intentions, and later had disregarded the agreements took the Gurgel for the agony. Already in January of 1993 the company left to pay wages and its action fell down disastrously from a high place in the market. Bogged in monstrous debts, weakened for the incited competition of the market, the Gurgel asked for forced agreement in June of 1993. It had an attempt to liquidate the debt of the plant in 1994 when the company asked for to the federal government a US$20.000.000 financing, but this was denied and the plant declared insolvent at the end of the year.

General Staff

Stalin at this time all not yet felt a great need for qualified advice of military specialists and was mesmerized by the amount of cash divisions, without taking into account their actual combat power. However, this was like Hitler to Stalin. German plans attack on a large differ 1942 adventurousness. Winter offensive of the Red Army were in full off-road, which was not possible to quickly carry out operations in deep environment and the defeat of German compounds. The offensive was carried out on the tactics of World War I: infantry and cavalry, supported by artillery, that in the winter, a chilling maneuver off the roads to cover up their strong points German defense, led only to oust the Germans from the settlements (in the military reports of those years are referred to in the first place the name of the liberated smaller settlements, rather than the number of German prisoners of war), and This Red Army suffered heavy losses. While systemically front operations command and Headquarters of the Western Front was not planned, and local military operations to capture the individual settlements (and even cities), greater efficiency and the more strategic success – a major defeat of the enemy – do not bring. Neglect of Stalin functions of the General Staff has led to poor proschitannosti (in terms of supply by elongating the advancing communications in almost winter road connections) of the planned offensive. In the end, despite the unparalleled heroism of the advancing Soviet troops in the harshest winter conditions January 1942, thanks to the absence of the necessary supply of planned results are not achieved.

Brazilian Communists

Another party of national character, the AIB if constituted as a counterpoint of the Brazilian Communists. Established in 1932, with the Manifesto of October, he was composed basically of elements of the urban average layers. The estimates of the number of adepts vary of the 100 a thousand 800 a thousand people, what it discloses the inexistence of unamimity in relation to this movement. Many times we are led to believe, in simplista way, in the transposition of main the European fascism as characteristic or until only of Brazilian the Integralista Action. However, it seems us that such generalization can lead to an error of interpretation. Authors exist who see with care this question.

Jose Chasin and Antonio Rago Son consider the AIB as: ' ' (…) right extreme movement, romantic and reactionary, but not fascist, because they understand that the fascism would be a particular expression of the period of training of full development in the way of capitalist production, that Brazil still it had not reached in the decade of 1930, given its structural dependence to the center of capitalismo' '. The influences fascists are not ignored. Salty, founding Pliny and main theoretician of the AIB, possua a great admiration for Mussolini. As proper it confesses: ' ' in one late of June, after having seen all New Italy, after abiding considered with all severity, I saw myself, in the Palace Venice, front the front with the creative genius of the politics of the Future (…) Age Mussolini. This man creates New Italy (…) ' '. What we try to affirm here is that, same considering this strong influence of the ideology and prxis fascist, we do not have to disrespect the Brazilian internal aspects that had provided the appearance of this movement. Moreover, we must remember that no ideology, whichever, are understood in the same way in different historical realities.